Thai Culture | Thai Public Holidays | วันหยุดประจำปีของไทย

By December 25, 2014Thai culture

Thai Public Holidays | วันหยุดประจำปีของไทย

Thailand, like all countries, has it’s share of holidays and festivals. Here is a breakdown of the ones recognised as Thai Public Holidays on which all Thai’s celebrate with a holiday. There are 16 official Public Thai Holidays. The holidays themselves are a combination of religious Buddhist holidays, National and Royal Holidays. Most holidays are celebrated with parties and visits to the Buddhist temple or both. Many are celebrated with local festivities and public events

January มกราคมThai Festival

1st January | New Year’s Day | วันขึ้นปีใหม่ 

วันขึ้นปีใหม่ / wan kʉ̂n bpii mài / is celebrated on the 1st January every year, and marks the start of the year in the Gregorian calendar. This holiday is recognized in many countries.
New Year is always a big festival. With many foreign tourists who visit Thailand at this time of year, and the large expat community, the celebration is recognised by all. This national holiday is also needed to recover from the party the night before.


February เดือนกุมภาพันธ์Thai Buddhist Culture

Makha Bucha Day | วันมาฆบูชา

(It is falls on the full moon day of the third Thai lunar month, either in February or March)
วันมาฆบูชา / wan maa-ká-buu-chaa / is an important Buddhist celebration which reminds followers to practice good deeds and avoid sin. It honors the occasion when Buddha delivered his principles and teachings to 1250 assembled monks, which coincided with a full moon. Thais congregate at temples to light candles and take part in various religious processions.

 

April เดือนเมษายนThai Public Holiday

6th April | Chakri Memorial Day | วันจักรี 

วันจักรี / wan jàg-grii / commemorates the foundation of the current Chakri Dynasty in 1782. The present monarch is the ninth King (Rama IX) in the lineage. Chakri Day has great significance, as Thais hold the monarchy in very high regard. The King and other members of the Royal Family hold ceremonies to honor previous monarchs, and Thai people take part in similar events around the country.

13th – 15th April | SongkranThai Festival

Festival Day

| วันสงกรานต์

วันสงกรานต์ / wan sǒng-graan / is a major holiday and festival in Thailand to usher in the Thai New Year. All generations take to the streets to enjoy large scale water fights with buckets, hosepipes and giant water pistols. Pickup trucks loaded with revelers and water barrels drive around soaking anyone they can. Faces are daubed with scented talcum powder, and foreigners in particular should expect to be targeted.

The celebrations normally last for three days, but can extend to six days in cities such as Chiang Mai. As well as being hugely enjoyable, it’s also traditionally, a time to visit relatives and pay respect to one’s elders. Many Thais visit a local temple to pray and give alms to the monks. During Songkran alcohol consumption is high and consequently road accidents greatly increase, so be especially careful on Thailand’s roads at this time.

 

May เดือนพฤษภาคมPublic Holiday

1st May | Labour Day | วันแรงงานแห่งชาติ

วันแรงงาน / wan rɛɛng-ngaan / is a public holiday in many countries worldwide. It is the importance and contribution of Thailand’s unsung workers. It’s taken as a holiday by the private sector, and most banks are also closed.

5th May | Coronation Day | วันฉัตรมงคลThai Culture

วันฉัตรมงคล / wan chàt mong-kon / is a public holiday in Thailand to commemorate the anniversary of the coronation of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej as Rama IX, the ninth King of the Chakri dynasty. People in Thailand celebrate Coronation Day on 5th May every year. King Rama IX was crowned King on the 5th May 1950. He is the world’s longest serving monarch.

Royal Ploughing Ceremony Day |Thai Culture Day

วันพืชมงคล

(It is an announced by the Bureau of the Royal Household, an arbitrary date in May)
วันพืชมงคล / wan pʉ̂ʉt-mong-kon / is the day that marks the official start of the rice growing season. This ceremony is held at the Sanam Luang (Royal Field) in front of the Grand Palace in Bangkok. Originating over 700 years ago, predictions are made about the quality of the coming year’s harvest. Rice seeds are blessed and at the end of the festival crowds run into the field to get the seeds, which are considered lucky. Farmer’s Day is observed on the same date. 

 

June เดือนมิถุนายนVisakha Bucha Day

Visakha Bucha Day | วันวิสาขบูชา

(It is falls on the full moon day of the sixth Thai lunar month, either in May or June)
วันวิสาขบูชา / wan wí-sǎa-kà-buu-chaa / is an important religious event to celebrate the birth, enlightenment and death of Buddha. Most Thais, visit a local temple to make merit (giving alms to monks and praying) which can get very busy, especially in the evening when candlelit processions take place in the temple grounds.

 

July เดือนกรกฎาคมThai Buddhist Day

Asanha Bucha Day | วันอาสาฬหบูชา

(It is either July or August, depend on the full moon during the eighth Thai lunar month)
วันอาสาฬหบูชา / wan aa-sǎan-hà-buu-chaa/ is a religious festival celebrating the occasion when Buddha delivered his first sermon (the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta) after enlightenment. This celebration occurs one day before Buddhist Lent. Just as with other Buddhist festivals, many Thais visit their local temples to make merit and join in religious processions.


Buddhist Lent Day| วันเข้าพรรษาThai Buddhist Day

(It is either July or August, depend on the full moon during the eighth Thai lunar month)
วันเข้าพรรษา / wan kâo pan-sǎa / is the first day of a three month religious period during the rainy season known as Phansa, Rains Retreat, or more informally Buddhist Lent, which is practiced by Theravada Buddhists. During this period, monks are supposed to stay in the temple grounds and avoid travelling around the country. The original purpose was that monks would not damage crops during their journeys. Some strong-willed Thais try to give up meat, alcohol and other vices during this period.

 

August เดือนสิงหาคมThai Culture

12th August | H.M. The Queen’s Birthday or Mother’s Day | วันแม่แห่งชาติ

วันแม่ / wan mɛ̂ɛ hɛ̀ng-châat / is her Majesty Queen Sirikit’s birthday. This is a very special occasion celebrated by Thais everywhere, especially around the Grand Palace in Bangkok where devoted admirers setup colored lights, and bring portraits and flowers. Quite appropriately, this day is also Mother’s Day in Thailand.

 

October เดือนตุลาคมThai Public Holiday

23rd October | Chulalongkorn Memorial Day | วันปิยะมหาราช

วันปิยะมหาราช / wan bpì-yá-má-hǎa râat / is the Rama V Day, and this date commemorates the death of King Chulalongkorn in 1910, who is credited as modernizing and reforming Thai society and ensuring that Thailand was never colonized by foreign nations. Known as the Great Beloved King, he passed laws to abolish slavery completely in 1905.

 

December เดือนธันวาคมThai Culture

5th December | H.M. The King’s birth Day or Father’s Day | วันพ่อแห่งชาติ

วันพ่อ / wan pɔ̂ɔ hɛ̀ng châat / is the birthday of the current King, His Majesty the King Bhumibol Adulyadej or the King Rama IX of Chakri Dynasty. It is also considered as Father’s Day of the nation. It’s an auspicious day, since the King is venerated as the father of the nation from all of Thai people and also many people around the world. The King is the best role-modeled father, for the father of the nation as well as of his royal family. As the father of the nation, generosity and compassion are boundless, just attempting to keep us happy.

10th December | Constitution Day |Thai Public Holiday

วันรัฐธรรมนูญ

วันรัฐธรรมนูญ / wan rát-tà-tam-má-nuun / which was created in 1932 to mark the transition from absolute monarchy to a democracy. Since 1932, Thailand has had seventeen charters and constitutions in place, an unavoidable result of frequent political instability.

 

31st December | New Year’s EveThai Holiday

|วันสิ้นปี

วันสิ้นปี / wan sîn bpii / New Year’s Eve is the one of the largest global celebrations around the world because it marks the last day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, December 31. Many people celebrate the end of the year with mixed emotions; joy, reflection and while anticipating for the New Year.

This public holiday is enjoyed with much commotion by many Thais and foreigners. At popular tourist destinations there are always massive street celebrations, especially around the bars. The parties, fireworks and feasts continue late into the night.

 

Kruu Prae
Thai Language Teacher

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