Thai Script | Silent Mark | Gaaran ์

By February 15, 2010Writing Thai Script

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The Silent Mark  in Thai
Script (Orthography ) Gaaran

Silent Consonants

The symbol “์” (การันต์)

When the “์” (การันต์) symbol appears above a Consonant in Thai Script, that Consonant is not pronounced – it is silent. The Gaaran is used to indicate the use of a word of non-Thai origin.

See below for examples:

จอห์น       /jawn/          (from “John”)          

ปีเตอร์      /bpii-dtêr/     (from “Peter”)                         

ทัวร์         /tua/            (from “tour”)

เบียร์        /bia/            (from “beer”)               

คอมพิวเตอร์/korm-piw-dtêr/ (from “computer”)        

ศุกร์         /sùk/           (Friday)           

เสาร์        /sǎo/            (Saturday)                                                   

อาทิตย์    /aa-tít/         (Sunday)                                            

สัตว์         /sàt/           (animal)

หนังสือพิมพ์/nǎng-sǔu-pim/ (newspaper)                                                         

Sometimes it is not only the consonant below the symbol which is not pronounced but also the one immediately preceding it.

เชาวน์   /chao/                            จันทร์  /jan/

ศาสตร์   /sàat/                             ภาพยนตร์  /pâap-pá-yon/           

It is also possible to have vowel with the consonant below the symbol which is not pronounced as well.

พันธุ์  /pan/                ศักดิ์สิทธิ์  /sàk-sìt/              ยานัตถุ์ /yaa-nát/    

Good luck ka!

Jang
Thai Language Hut