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Thai Grammar

Thai Pronouns | This, That, These and Those” |Grammar

By March 19, 2012October 11th, 2021No Comments

learn speaking and listening thai these that those

Thai Pronouns |This, That, These and Those | Thai Grammar

This, that, these and those pronouns are used instead of the noun name in Thai as in the English language.

The words ‘this’ in Thai is ‘นี่ /nîi/’ and ‘that’ in Thai is ‘นั่น /nân/’ are spoken with a falling tone when used alone as pronouns.

For example;

  • What is this? = นี่อะไร /nîi à-rai/
  • This is my best friend. = นี่เป็นเพื่อนสนิทของผม /nîi bpen pûan-sà-nìt kᴐ̌ᴐng pǒm/
  • How much is that? = นั่นเท่าไร /nân tâo-rài/
  • That is my house. = นั่นเป็นบ้านของฉัน /nân bpen bâan kᴐ̌ᴐng chán/

However, when used with a noun, we are spoken with a high tone (นี้ /níi/, นั้น /nán/) and like Thai adjectives, we follow the noun we refer to.

For example;

  • this car = รถนี้ /rót níi/ (lit: car this)
  • This car is expensive. = รถนี้แพง/rót níi pɛɛng/
  • that table = โต๊ะนั้น /dtó nán/ (lit: table that)
  • That table is dirty. = โต๊ะนั้นสกปรก /dtó nán sòk-gà-bpròk/

To say ‘these’ and ‘those’ add the word เหล่า /lào/ or พวก /pûak/ before นี้ /níi/and นั้น /nán/.

For example;

  • these = เหล่านี้ /lào níi/ or พวกนี้ /pûak níi/
  • These are my pens. = เหล่านี้(พวกนี้)เป็นปากกาของฉัน /lào níi(pûak níi) bpen bpàak-gaa kᴐ̌ᴐng chán/
  • those = เหล่านั้น /lào nán/ or พวกนั้น /pûak nán/
  • Those are the cartoon books I bought. =  เหล่านั้น(พวกนั้น)เป็นหนังสือการ์ตูนของผม /lào nán(pûak nán) bpen nǎng-sǔu gaa-dtuun kᴐ̌ᴐng pǒm/

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I hope you can now confidently use these Thai Grammar Pronouns confidently. Now go and practice with your friends :-).


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