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Thai Grammar

Thai Prepositions | ที่ tîi and อยู่ yùu

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How talk about location in Thai | Prepositions | Grammar

The most basic location words are formed using the preposition ที่ /tîi/ (at) followed by the demonstratives, นี่ /nîi/ (this), นั่น /nân/ (that) or โน่น /nôon/ (that for further away):

  • ที่นี่ /tîi nîi/ (here)
  • ที่นั่น /tîi nân/ (there)
  • ที่โน่น /tîi nôon/ (over there)

In a simple sentences starting the location of something, ที่ /tîi/ follows the verb /yùu (to be situated)/:

  • อยู่ที่นี /yùu tîi nîi/ (Here it is., It’s here.)
  • ผมไม่ได้อยู่ที่นั่น /pǒm mâi dâai yùu tîi nân/ (I was not there.)
  • บ้านของเขาอยู่ที่โน่น /bâan kͻ̌ͻng káo yùu tîi nôon/ (His house is over there.)

The word ที่ /tîi/ is optional after the verb อยู่ /yùu/ and frequently omitted:

  • ผมอยู่เมืองไทยนานแล้ว /pǒm yùu mʉang Thai naan lɛ́ɛo/ (I have lived in Thailand a long time already.)
  • เขาอยู่บ้านตอนเย็น /káo yùu bâan dtͻͻn-yen/ (He is at home in the evenings.)

I hope this Thai lesson proved helpful and you can now use Thai location prepositions correctly.

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By Prae
Thai Language Teacher