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Thai Vocabulary

Learn Thai | The word ขึ้น and ลง

Thai Vocabulary made easyHow to say UP and DOWN

in the Thai Language

The verb ขึ้น /kûn/means ‘to ascend’ and ลง /long/ mean ‘to descend’ are used with pairs of contrasting verbs to indicate an increase or decrease in the state. They are similar to English the word ‘up’ in ‘heat up’, ‘speed up’, etc. and the word ‘down’ in ‘cool down’, ‘slow down’, etc.

For example;

อ้วนขึ้น /ûan kûn/   = to get fatter                    ผอมลง /pɔ̌ɔm long/   = to slim down

เร็วขึ้น /reo kûn/      = to speed up                    ช้าลง /cháa long/          = to slow down

ดีขึ้น /dii kûn/          = to improve                     แย่ลง /yɛ̂ɛ long/           = to worsen

มากขึ้น /mâak kûn/ = to increase                    น้อยลง /nɔ́ɔi long/       = to decrease

ร้อนขึ้น  /rͻ́ͻn-kʉ̂n/ = to get hotter                  เย็นลง /yen-long/        = to cool down

สูงขึ้น /sǔung-kʉ̂n/ = to get higher                  ต่ำลง /dtàm-long/       = to get lower

โตขึ้น /dtoo- kʉ̂n/  = to grow up, get bigger   แก่ลง /gԑ̀ԑ-long/           = to get older

ยาวขึ้น /yaao-kʉ̂n/ =  longer (than before)     สั้นลง / sâng-long/       =  shorter (than before)

ใหญ่ขึ้น /yài-kʉ̂n/ = bigger (than before)        เล็กลง /lék-long /         = smaller (than before)

หนาขึ้น /nǎa-kʉ̂n/ = to get thicker (object)    บางลง /baang-long/     = to get thiner (object)

Other common directional verbs are ขึ้น /kûn/ mean ‘to rise’ and ลง /long/ mean ‘to descend’.

For example;

เขาปีนขึ้นต้นไม้ /káo bpiin kûn dtôn-mái/

= He climbed up the tree.

ฉัน/ผมวิ่งลงบันได /chán,pǒm wîng long ban-dai/

= I ran down the stairs.

เขาลุกขึ้นจากเตียง /káo lúk-kʉ̂n jàak dtiang/

= He/She gets up from the bed.

เราลงจากรถแท็กซี่  /rao long jàak rót tԑ́ԑk-sîi/

= We get down from the Taxi.

ฉัน/ผมเทกาแฟลงในถ้วย /chán, pǒm tee gaa-fԑԑ long nai tûai/

= I pour some coffee into a cup.

I hope this helps you learn Thai!

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By Prae
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