Dead Syllables and Live Syllables | Thai Script
There are 2 kinds of Syllables in Thai which are Dead and Live Syllables. An importance of learning Thai syllables is it concerns with the Tone rules. If there is tone rules apply but there isn’t tone mark. you have to consider syllable of the word.
Thai syllables can be categorized into 2 groups which are Dead syllables and Live syllables. In Thai language, words can be consisted of more than one syllable.
To read and pronounce each syllable correctly you will need to know about the syllables whether they are dead syllables or live syllables. We spend a longtime practicing this with our students at our Thai Language School.
To know this you need to understand about the rules of dead and live syllable
Rule no. 1: Dead syllables end in Short vowels
Rule no.2: Live syllables end in Long vowels
Rule no.3: Dead syllables end in Stop final letters group
Rule no.4: Live syllables end in Sonorant final letters group
The dead syllables and live syllables play a major role in Thai tones and pronunciation. To use the right tone markers you will need to know the three groups of Thai consonants and the two groups of Thai vowels.
A Dead Syllable consists of a Short Vowel or a Stop Final Consonant. For example:
ก ไก่ ด เด็ก บ ใบไม้
gɔɔ gài (chicken) dɔɔ dèg (child) bɔɔ baimái(leaf)
–ะ –ิ –ึ –ุ เ–ะ แ–ะ
โ–ะ เ–าะ –ัวะ เ–ียะ เ–ือะ เ–อะ
A Live Syllable consists of Long Vowel or a Sonorant Final Consonant. For example:
ง ngɔɔ nguu (snake)
น nɔɔ nǔu (mouse)
ม mɔɔ máa (horse)
ย yɔɔ yág (giant)
ว wɔɔ wɛ̌ɛn (ring)
–า –ี –ือ –ู เ– แ–
โ– –อ –ัว เ–ีย เ–ือ เ–อ
At this stage you will need to know more about Thai final letters.
What are the Stop final letters and Sonorant final letters? Check our other blogs.
Thai Language Teacher