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Learn Thai: Thai pronouns

English and English PronounsHow to Learn Thai Pronouns

Hi Guys!

Before I started writing this blog I reviewed my previous blogs to see what I have written to you guys and I can’t believe that I never told you about a basic thing like Thai pronouns!

Let’s go back there and start. It is never too late:)

There are a great number of pronouns in the Thai language, and though you need not bother about them all, you should have a working knowledge of the more common ones and be able to recognise them and use them correctly.

Chán (ฉั) “I”
This is a word used by females when speaking to intimates or servants. You should not use it when speaking to people who are superior to you in rank or social status but it is alright amongst friends if you know them well.

Pǒm (ผม) “I”
This word is used by males. It is generally used when talking with equals or superiors.

Kun (คุณ) “You”
This corresponds to Pǒm and Chán and can be used by either males or females. It is generally used amongst intimates and is a good “polite” word to use to superiors. As it indicates considerable personal respect, you should not use it to inferiors such as servants or taxi drivers.

Ter  (เธอ) “You”
This is a very familiar form of address used mainly by women talking to each other, a man talking to his wife or girlfriend or when talking to small children.

Kǎo  (เขา) “He”, “She”, “They”.
This is the 3rd. person pronoun singular or plural and may be used by either sex referring to anyone, just as in English; however, it is more polite to refer to people as Kun “Mr.” or Kun “Mrs.” or “Miss” rather than just Kǎo “He”, “She” etc.

Mun  (มัน) “It”
This is sometimes used for animals and things and for the impersonal “it” in such sentences as “if you like this, it will be a good thing”. You should not try to use it until you get more familiar with the language.

Rao (เรา) “We”
This can be used in all cases for “we” and if necessary as a 2nd. person pronoun.

Pûak-rao (พวกเรา) “We”
This is a variation of the above which you may come across in reading and means “Our group” or “Our sort of people”.

สรรพนาม Thai Pronouns

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As always enjoy!

Thai Language Teacher