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Speak Thai | Numbers and Counting Words

By March 9, 2010October 7th, 2021No Comments

Thai Numbers, Thai Script and Phonetic

Being able to speak and understand numbers in Thai is an essential skill for any traveller in Thailand.

Although Thai has its own numerals, western digits are more commonly used throughout Thailand so it is less essential to learn the exotic digits. For more examples of Thai numbers, visit our category page: Thai Digits and Numerals
 

Numerals zero through nine

Digit

Thai

Numeral

Thai

Word

Phonetic Transcription

0

ศูนย์

sǔun

1

หนึ่ง

nùng

2

สอง

sǒrng

3

สาม

sǎam

4

สี่

sìi

5

ห้า

hâa

6

หก

hòk

7

เจ็ด

jèt

8

แปด

bpàet

9

เก้า

gâw

 

Counting ten and beyond

Digit

Thai

Numeral

Thai

Word

Phonetic Transcription

10

๑๐

สิบ

sìp

100

๑๐๐

หนึ่งร้อย

nùng róry

1,000

๑,๐๐๐

หนึ่งพัน

nùngpan

10,000

๑๐,๐๐๐

หนึ่งหมื่น

nùng mùun

100,000

๑๐๐,๐๐๐

หนึ่งแสน

nùng sǎen

1,000,000

๑,๐๐๐,๐๐๐

หนึ่งล้าน

nùng láan

10,000,000

๑๐,๐๐๐,๐๐๐

สิบล้าน

sìp láan

100,000,000

๑๐๐,๐๐๐,๐๐๐

ร้อยล้าน

róry láan


Using these charts, arbitrary numbers in Thai can be constructed much as they are inEnglish. However, please note the following:

·        Numbers ending in one between eleven and ninety-one use the word เอ็ด / èt / instead of หนึ่ง / nùng / (one, 1) as in the following:

หนึ่ง 

nùng

one, 1

สิบเอ็ด

sìp èt

eleven, 11

สามสิบเอ็ด

sǎamsìp èt

thirty-one, 31

ร้อยหนึ่ง

rórynùng

one hundred one, 101

·        Numbers between twelve and nineteen are not special as they are in English. They are considered “ten-two,” “ten-three,” etc.

·        If a rule in English is to add -ty to a digit to obtain the tens series, then twenty, thirty, and fifty are exceptions. In Thai, the only special word is ยี่สิบ / yîi sìp / (twenty, 20).

·        Ordinals are formed by prefixing a number with the word ที่ / tîi / as in the following examples:

ที่หนึ่ง

tîi nùng

first

ที่สอง

tîi sǒong

second

ที่สิบเอ็ด

tîi sìp èt

eleventh

·        Note that the words Ten-thousand and hundred-thousand are not compounds as they are in English‚there are unique Thai words for these shown in the chart above.

·        The word หนึ่ง /nùng / (one, 1) can be omitted if it occurs at the beginning of any number (other than one, of course).

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