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Thai Culture

Learn Thai Vocabulary | Coronation Day | วันฉัตรมงคล

Coronation Day (วันฉัตรมงคล) in Thailand – 5th May

วันฉัตรมงคล coronation day Thailand

Thailand Coronation Day

Coronation Day or Wan Chattra Mongkol / วันฉัตรมงคล is a public holiday in Thailand to commemorate the anniversary of the coronation of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej as Rama IX, the ninth King of the Chakri dynasty. People in Thailand celebrate Coronation Day on 5th May every year. King Rama IX was crowned King on the 5th May 1950. He is the worlds longest serving monarch.

Coronation Day – a short history

Coronation Day was first celebrated on 6 April 1851 when the King Mongkut was crowned as King Rama IV. Coronations before this date only took place behind closed doors with only royal officials attending. King Rama IV decided to make this a public occasion and share this occasion with the Thai people. The tradition of the Coronation and the celebration of this day continues now. The 5th May holiday celebrates the day King Bhumibol Adulyadej was coronated at King Rama IX of Thailand.

Coronation Day – how this is celebrated

Coronation Day is a formal celebration celebrated in full Royal Regalia with Thai monks, army and citizens. The celebration begins on the 3rd May with a Buddhist ceremony where religious texts are read acknowledging the achievements of Chakri house, thanking Lord Buddha and asking for guidance in the future at Amarinda Vinchai Hall in the Grand Palace.

On the 4th of May the official the head Brahmin priest publically announces coronation day. This is followed by a day of praying and chanting by the monks. The main ceremony is held on the 5th May. This is the full Royal ceremony in full ceremonial dress involving the army, monks and important dignitaries. There is a full 21 gun salute from the Royal Thai Army. On this day also the King also recognizes the achievements of leading Thai citizens in an award ceremony.


1. Coronation Day = วันฉัตรมงคล /wan chà-mong-kon/

2. public holiday = วันหยุดราชการ /wan-yùt râat-chá-gaan/

3. celebrate = เฉลิมฉลอง /chà-lə̌əm chà-lɔ̌ɔng/

4. substitute holiday= วันหยุดชดเชย /wan-yùt chót-chəəi/

5. importance = ความสำคัญ /kwaam sǎm-kan/

6. ceremony = พิธี /pí-tii/

7. tradition = ประเพณี /bprà-pee-nii/

8. monk = พระ /prá/

9. regalia = เครื่องราชกกุธภัณฑ์ /krʉ̂ang-râat-chá-gà-gùt-tá-pan/

10. army= กองทัพ  /gɔɔng-táp/

11. citizen = ประชาชน /bprà-chaa chon/

12. achievement = ความสำเร็จ /kwaam săm-rèt/

13. announce = ประกาศ /bprà-gàat/

14. salute =ทำความเคารพ /tam kwaam kao-róp/

15. dynasty = ราชวงศ์ /râat-chá-wong/

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By Prae

Thai Language Teacher